Students’ learning activities and science process skills: The effectiveness of group investigation learning model

Nur Hayati, Mucharommah Sartika Ami

Abstract


Science learning should prioritize the development of process skills rather than science products because these skills are needed in carrying out the scientific method. Science process skills can be achieved if students are actively involved in learning. One of the learning models that involve student activities is the Group Investigation (GI). This study aims to determine the effectiveness of the GI learning model in practicing students' learning activities and science process skills on additives material at grade VIII. This research is a classroom action research which consists of two cycles. Each cycle consists of planning, implementing, observing and reflecting stages. The research subjects consisted of 30 students. The instrument used was the observation sheet of student activities and science process skills. Data analysis was carried out descriptively qualitatively. The results of this study indicate that student learning activity in the cycle I is 73.3% ("active" category) and in the cycle II is 80.68% ("very active" category). Meanwhile, students' science process skills in the cycle I is 73.03% ("skilled" category) and in the cycle II is 82.36% ("very skilled" category). It can be concluded that GI learning model was effective to practice students’ learning activities and science process skills.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdjul, T., Mursalin, Nusantari, E., & Pomalato, W. D. S. (2019). The Development of Inquiry By Learning Cycle (Ryleac) Model on Electricity and Magnetic Concept to Increase Science Process Skill and the Academic Achievement of Students. European Journal of Education Studies, 6(4), 414–432. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3365457

Abdullah, C., Parris, J., Lie, R., Guzdar, A., & Tour, E. (2015). Critical Analysis of Primary Literature in a Master’s-Level Class: Effects on Self-Efficacy and Science-Process Skills. CBE Life Sciences Education, 14(3), 1–13. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1187/cbe.14-10-0180

Abungu, H. E., Okere, M. I. O., & Wachanga, S. W. (2014). The Effect of Science Process Skills Teaching Approach on Secondary School Students’ Achievement in Chemistry in Nyando District, Kenya. Journal of Educational and Social Research, 4(6), 359–372. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.5901/jesr.2014.v4n6p359

Affriani, Z. (2016). Penerapan Model Pembelajaran Kooperatif Tipe Two Stay Two Stray dengan Media Grafis untuk Meningkatkan Aktivitas dan Hasil Belajar IPS Siswa Kelas IV SD Negeri 1 Tempuran. In Thesis. Bandar Lampung: Universitas Lampung.

Agustin, M., Yensy, N. A., & Rusdi, R. (2017). Upaya Meningkatkan Aktivitas Belajar Siswa Dengan Menerapkan Model Pembelajaran Problem Posing Tipe Pre Solution Posing Di Smp Negeri 15 Kota Bengkulu. Jurnal Penelitian Pembelajaran Matematika Sekolah (JP2MS), 1(1), 66–72. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.33369/jp2ms.1.1.66-72

Ambarsari, W., Santosa, S., & Maridi. (2013). Penerapan Pembelajaran Inkuiri Terbimbing terhadap Keterampilan Proses Sains Dasar pada Pelajaran Biologi Siswa Kelas VIII SMP Negeri 7 Surakarta. Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi, 5(1), 81–95. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1016/s0065-2296(08)00803-3

Andini, T. E., Hidayat, S., & Fadillah, E. N. (2018). Scientific Process Skills: Preliminary Study towards Senior High School Student in Palembang. JPBI (Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi Indonesia), 4(3), 243–250. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.22219/jpbi.v4i3.6784

Aydogdu, B. (2015). The Investigation of Science Process Skills of Science Teachers in Terms of Some Variables. Educational Research and Reviews, 10(5), 582–594. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.5897/err2015.2097

Barus, R., & Sitompul, A. F. (2016). Pengaruh Model Group Investigation (GI) terhadap Keterampilan Proses Sains Siswa SMA pada Materi Sistem Ekskresi Manusia. Jurnal Pelita Pendidikan, 5(2), 31–38. Retrieved from http://www.tjyybjb.ac.cn/CN/article/downloadArticleFile.do?attachType=PDF&id=9987

Darmayanti, N. W. S., Sadia, W., & Sudiatmika, A. A. I. A. R. (2013). Pengaruh Model Collaborative Teamwork Learning terhadap Keterampilan Proses Sains dan Pemahaman Konsep Ditinjau dari Gaya Kognitif. E-Journal Program Pascasarjana Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha, 3(1–12).

Diana, N. (2019). An Analysis on Learning Activity and Science Process Skills of High School Students through Guided Inquiry Physics Learning. Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika, 7(2), 212–220.

Duran, M., Isik, H., Mihladiz, G., & Özdemir, O. (2011). The Relationship between the Pre-Service Science Teachers’ Scientific Process Skills and Learning Style. Western Anatolia Journal of Educational Sciences, 467–476.

Ergül, R., Şımşeklı, Y., Çaliş, S., Özdılek, Z., Göçmençelebı, S., & Şanli, M. (2011). The Effects of Inquiry-Based Science Teaching on Elementary School Students’ Science Process Skills and Science Attitudes. Bulgarian Journal of Science and Education Policy (BJSEP), 5(1), 48–69.

Gillies, R. M., & Nichols, K. (2014). How to Support Primary Teachers’ Implementation of Inquiry: Teachers’ Reflections on Teaching Cooperative Inquiry-Based Science. Research in Science Education, 45(2), 171–191. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1007/s11165-014-9418-x

Gürses, A., Çetinkaya, S., Doğar, Ç., & Şahin, E. (2015). Determination of Levels of Use of Basic Process Skills of High School Students. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 191, 644–650. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.04.243

Handari, R. K., Prayitno, B. A., & Ariyanto, J. (2012). Penerapan Model Pembelajaran Kooperatif Group Investigation (GI) untuk Meningkatkan Keterampilan Proses Sains Siswa Kelas X5 SMA N 6 Surakarta Tahun Pelajaran 2011/2012. Pendidikan Biologi, 4(1), 106–116.

Hanib, M. F., Suhadi, & Indriwati, S. E. (2017). Science Processing Skill Improvement Through POGIL (Process Oriented Guided Inquiry Learning) Learning Model. Jurnal Pendidikan Sains, 5(4), 118–122. Retrieved from http://journal.um.ac.id/index.php/jps/article/view/10340/5190

Hardianti, T., & Kuswanto, H. (2017). Difference Among Levels of Inquiry: Process Skills Improvement at Senior High School in Indonesia. International Journal of Instruction, 10(2), 119–130. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.12973/iji.2017.1028a

Hayati, D. P., Bintari, S. H., & Sukaesih, S. (2019). Implementation of The Practicum Methods with Guided-Discovery Model toThe Student Skill of Science Process. Journal of Biology Education, 8(3), 286–294. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.15294/jbe.v8i3.21943

Hayati, N., & Berlianti, N. A. (2016). Improvement Students’ Activities and Cognitive Learning Outcomes of Hasyim Asy’ari University through Guided Discovery Learning. JPBI (Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi Indonesia), 2(3), 206–214. https://doi.org/10.22219/jpbi.v2i3.3857

Hodosyova, M., Utla, J., Vanyova, M., Vnukova, P., & Lapitkova, V. (2015). Hodosyova.pdf. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 982–989.

Ilma, S., Al-Muhdhar, M. H. I., Rohman, F., & Saptasari, M. (2020). The Correlation between Science Process Skills and Biology Cognitive Learning Outcome of Senior High School Students. JPBI (Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi Indonesia), 6(1), 55–64. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.22219/jpbi.v6i1.10794

Irwanto, Rohaeti, E., Widjajanti, E., & Suyanta. (2017). Students’ Science Process Skill and Analytical Thinking Ability in Chemistry Learning. AIP Conference Proceedings, 1868(August). Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4995100

Jeenthong, T., Ruenwongsa, P., & Sriwattanarothai, N. (2014). Promoting Integrated Science Process Skills through Betta-live Science Laboratory. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 116, 3292–3296. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.01.750

Kurniawati, A. (2015). Analisis Keterampilan Proses Sains Peserta Didik Kelas XI Semester II MAN Tempel Tahun Ajaran 2012/2013 pada Pembelajaran Kimia dengan Model Learning Cycle 5E. In Thesis. Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta.

Muchsin, & Hamdi. (2021). Analysis of Student’s Creativity Value and Process Skills through Learning Strategies Guided Inquiry. Jurnal Serambi Ilmu: Journal of Scientific Information and Educational Creativity, 22(1), 98–109.

Nirwana, F. B., Nyeneng, I. D. P., & Maharta, N. (2014). Pengaruh Keterampilan Proses Sains terhadap Hasil Belajar pada Model Latihan Inkuiri. Jurnal Pembelajaran Fisika Universitas Lampung, 2(3), 31–42. Retrieved from http://jurnal.fkip.unila.ac.id/index.php/JPF/article/view/4635

Pratono, A., Sumarti, S. S., & Wijayati, N. (2018). Contribution of Assisted Inquiry Model of E-Module to Students Science Process Skill. Journal of Innovative Science Education, 7(1), 62–68.

Riyanti, D. (2012). Peningkatan Aktivitas Siswa dalam Pembelajaran Pemeliharaan Bahan Tekstil dengan Metode Pembelajaran Tipe Teams Asisted Individualization di SMK 6 Yogyakarta. Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta.

Rukmana, D. (2018). Integration of Learning Cycle Stage with Inquiry Labs Method in Learning Physics to Improve Cognitive Ability and Science Process Skills of High School Student. Formatif: Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan MIPA, 8(2), 91–100. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.30998/formatif.v8i2.2336

Saroyo, E., Syafruddin, D., & Supiandi, M. I. (2016). Penerapan Metode Pembelajaran Inside Outside Circle untuk Siswa pada Materi Keseimbangan Ekosistem. JPBIO (Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi ), 1(1), 40–50. Retrieved from https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.31932/

Siregar, H. D., & Motlan. (2016). Pengaruh Model Pembelajaran Kooperatif Group Investigation dan Pemahaman Konsep Awal terhadap Keterampilan Proses Sains Siswa SMA. Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika, 5(1), 51–57.

Solihah, R., Purwoko, A. A., & Gunawan, E. R. (2016). Penerapan Pembelajaran Investigasi Kelompok untuk Meningkatkan Keterampilan Proses Sains Ditinjau dari Intelligence Quotient Siswa. Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA, 2(2), 1–11. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.29303/jppipa.v2i2.39

Subali, B., Paidi, & Mariyam, S. (2016). The Divergent Thinking of Basic Skills of Sciences Process Skills of Life Aspects on Natural Sciences Subject in Indonesian Elementary School Students. Asia-Pacific Forum on Science Learning and Teaching, 17(1), 1–23.

Suciati, Ali, M. N., Imaningtyas, C. D., Anggraini, A. F., & Dermawan, Z. (2018). The Profile of XI Grade Students’ Scientific Thinking Abilities on Scientific Approach Implementation. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 7(3), 341–346. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.15294/jpii.v7i3.15382

Syafriyansyah, S., Suyanto, E., & Nyeneng, I. D. P. (2013). Pengaruh Keterampilan Proses Sains (KPS) terhadap Hasil Belajar Fisika Siswa melalui Metode Eksperimen dengan Pendekatan Inkuiri Terbimbing. Jurnal Pembelajaran Fisika Universitas Lampung, 1(1), 433–443. Retrieved from http://jurnal.fkip.unila.ac.id/index.php/JPF/article/view/209

Tarigan, D. (2014). Meningkatkan Aktivitas Belajar Siswa dengan Menggunakan Model Make A Match Pada Mata Pelajaran Matematika di Kelas V SDN 050687 Sawit Seberang. Kreano: Jurnal Matematika Kreatif-Inovatif, 5(1), 56–62.

Turiman, P., Omar, J., Daud, A. M., & Osman, K. (2012). Fostering the 21st Century Skills through Scientific Literacy and Science Process Skills. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 59, 110–116. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.09.253

Wahyuni, S., Indrawati, I., Sudarti, S., & Suana, W. (2017). Developing Science Process Skills and Problem-Solving Abilities Based on Outdoor Learning in Junior High School. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 6(1), 165–169. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.15294/jpii.v6i1.6849

Widiyawati, Y., & Sari, D. S. (2019). Correlation Between Pre-Service Science Teacher Laboratory Self-Efficacy and Science Process Skills in Laboratory Activities. Formatif: Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan MIPA, 9(3), 245–256. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.30998/formatif.v9i3.3721

Wiratana, I. K., Sadia, I. W., & Suma, K. (2013). Pengaruh Model Pembelajaran Kooperatif Tipe Investigasi Kelompok (Group Investigation) terhadap Keterampilan Proses dan Hasil Belajar Sains Siswa SMP. E-Journal Program Pascasarjana Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha Program Studi IPA, 3, 1–12.

Yuniastuti, E. (2013). Peningkatan Keterampilan Proses, Motivasi, dan Hasil Belajar Biologi dengan Strategi Pembelajaran Inkuiri Terbimbing pada Siswa Kelas VII SMP Kartika V-1 Balikpapan. Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan, 13(1), 80–88.

Zingaro, D. (2008). Group Investigation: Theory and Practice. Ontario Institute For Studies Ineducation.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31932/jpbio.v7i1.1519

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 42 times
PDF - 30 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.